How to Handle a Firearm Safely

Firearm Safely

Firearm Safely

Firearms are dangerous tools, but their use can also represent a fun outdoor recreational activity, or even at a family event. Before touching any type of firearm, there are some fundamental rules that you must follow at all times. While there are signs, sayings or occurrences about the “top security rules for the use of weapons,” most gun owners believe there are more. Here we offer a list of best rules, although some of them are more detailed and more specific. The following rules are generally found in order of priority (from highest to lowest), but all are very important and must be followed at all times. The techniques of safe handling of weapons, pistol glock sights should always be done consistently:

Always keep the barrel pointed in a safe direction.

  • This rule outweighs the others. It is a very simple concept, if the weapon is pointing in a safe direction, the intentional or accidental discharge will not hurt anyone. The safest direction must be chosen, thus taking into account human beings, animals, and inanimate objects.
  • This includes being sure when you carry the firearm with you, to be able to fully control the direction and angle of the cannon, especially if you are walking or taking a trip (in case of stumbling and falling.
Handle a Firearm Safely

Handle a Firearm Safely

Keep your finger away from the trigger.

  • This prevents any accidental discharge. With a gun, there is usually an area above the trigger, where you can rest your finger (which is often called the “index point”). With rifles or other firearms, it is best to remove the entire hand from the trigger area. There are many safe ways to carry the weapon.
  • Along with this, it should be emphasized that the safety of the firearm should not be relied upon. While many times, human error is more likely to cause a problem, safety may fail, and pulling the trigger may result in an accidental discharge.
  • Certain pistols do not have any manual safety device. If this is the case, they often have safety devices built into the trigger, on the back strap (or grip), or on the firing pin. These types of weapons are especially dangerous for inexperienced users. But proper execution and training in safety techniques can overcome many of the dangers of a firearm that has less safety.
  • Once you are on the line to shoot, do not put your finger on the trigger until you have pointed the target. It can be a difficult habit to break since you might feel it’s normal to have your finger on the trigger once you want to shoot.

Firearms must be unloaded when you give them to someone or when they are not actually in use.

  • If you deliver a firearm to a person it must be unloaded. Check the magazine and magazine of the weapon. When the firearm is not going to be used immediately, it must be unloaded in the same way. If you receive a firearm from someone, you should check the magazine and the chamber to make sure the weapon is not loaded, until you fire.
  • When there is no one around, a good way to know if the weapon is unloaded is by blocking the bolt, the runner or the cylinder in the open position. This is done so that no bullet will trigger when the trigger is pulled.
  • Check the weapon manually. In general, this mentions the safest way to transport or unload the firearm.
  • When you are not using the weapon, but you are carrying it, it must always be unloaded. In many places, there are laws against carrying a loaded gun in a vehicle, without proper permits, even if you are only transporting it to a shooting range or repair shop.
handle a firearm safely

handle a firearm safely

If your gun does not fire when you squeeze the trigger, be careful.

  • When the trigger is pulled, and there is no “boom,” make sure you have a cartridge in the breach. If you are absolutely sure there is nothing, solve the problem. If you think there was a cartridge in the chamber, keep the gun pointed towards the target. You can try to shoot the weapon again (if it’s a double action weapon). Try this once, maybe twice, and if nothing happens yet, keep the gun pointed at the target for about 20 seconds. If the cartridge is still not fired, carefully remove the magazine (if possible) and expel the bullet out of the chamber. Place the cartridge that does not work in a safe area (away from humans, valuables, or other ammunition).
  • The problem is usually due to a defective primer, and it is much more common to occur with hand-loaded munitions than those manufactured

Know the security and characteristics of the gunshots.

  • It is essential to know how to use a firearm safely. Learn how to download the charger (if available), download and check the chamber, put the insurance (only if available), clear jams, examine the barrel and disassemble the gun for cleaning or repair.
  • The characteristics of the shot are also a key component to know the weapon you are using. If you are not aware of certain aspects of the gun, such as the number of shots, ask someone who is knowledgeable about that weapon, specifically. Analyze if you are able to use the weapon safely.

Never allow the loaded weapon to be out of your control.

  • If you have a loaded firearm, never leave it unattended. That is, it should be within your reach in your home. If you cannot be sure about your state or who has access to it, it is best to unload the weapon, obstruct it with a sliding block (for a gun), or keep the gun in a hard and secure case. For optimal security, keep the ammunition in a secluded and closed area.
  • Be sure to follow all state and local firearms storage laws. Some states do not require firearms to be in locked places, but keep in mind that there are children or other people who may have access to your weapons or ammunition


  • Learn to use a weapon safely (if available).
  • In many states, shooting someone with a firearm to defend property is not a legal defense. Know the applicable laws.
  • Except for firearms transported for defensive purposes, carry your weapon in the car, camp or home, only if it is empty, disassembled, with the action open, or blocked.
  • Never carry a loaded weapon while climbing a fence or tree. Hunters who use the tree formations should hoist their ‘unloaded’weapons until after they have been introduced into the tree, using a rope. When you get off, unload the weapon before lowering it, even when you are in a hurry to follow a fresh prey.


  • Read the manual about the specific weapon you are going to use before picking it up.
  • NEVER look through the barrel of a firearm, whether it is unloaded or not. The first time could be the last.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly after firing. Waste gunpowder, lubricant, and even lead can adhere to your hand and all those elements are potentially harmful if they are ingested.
  • Be sure to follow all state and local laws when shooting. Keep in mind that many firearms laws change drastically from one state to another, and may even change between counties and cities.
  • Do not try to carry a firearm at the waist, in your pants or pockets. It’s a great way to blow up your own foot. A suitable cover keeps the firearm in place and keeps the objects away from the trigger.
  • Firearms can be very dangerous and even deadly. They should only be used by experienced weapon users, or under the direct supervision of an expert instructor.


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